7 Tips for Macro Photography

by Ishaan Raghunandan


Marco photography has always been popular. Now with cheap macro lenses for your phone more and more people are literally discovering the world beneath their noses. If you have a green thumb or are just insect, spider, snake or amphibian crazy having good macro skills can make for a super cool experience.

Some common problems of macro photography are dealing with low light and minimal area of focus, not to mention constantly spooking your subjects into the undergrowth.

Read on the learn a few tips, tricks and technical aspects to keep in mind the next time you dive into the macro world.

7 tips for Macro Photography

  1. Don't Spook your Subject: If your subject doesn’t feel comfortable it will make the photography process much harder. Wether working with snakes or with grasshoppers the creature should always come first. Spending time around your subjects and not directly invading their space is key to be able to take good macro photographs. While portraits are great seeing behaviour at the macro level is much more sought after.


  1. Eyes: The most important part of your subject is its eyes. Viewers will look straight for the eyes and this will start the connection they make with the image. It is important to make sure their eyes reflect some light from the surroundings as this will make your subject come alive.
  1. Good Light: Macro photography is very hard without good strong light. Pick times of the day that produce this light. Often photographing insects in the morning will be easier as they haven’t warmed up as yet and will move slower. Carry with you small mirrors to bounce light back onto your subject come alive.


  2. Inverting the lens: Don't have a dedicated macro lens? No problem. Just take any lens in the range of 18-50mm and reverse it! One can literally hold a reversed lens in front of the camera to get large magnification.
  3. Using extension tubes: The concept is simple - as you increase distance of your lens from the sensor the image gets more magnified. This is also a cheaper option than getting a dedicated macro lens.


  4. Hight apertures : As one focuses closer and closer they lose out on area of focus. To counter this effect use high aperture numbers - this will increase the amount of your subject that is in focus.
  5. Extra lights : High apertures mean less light reaching your sensor. Having flashes can improve the overall quality of your image allowing you to keep the iso within reasonable range.



Ishaan Raghunandan

photographer-profile-imageI am an information science engineering graduate turned photographer and naturalist.  After completing a post- graduate diploma in Professional Photography from Light and Life Academy in Ooty, India, I have worked and traveled as a freelance photographer contributing work to the Wildlife Trust of India, documented the lives of pastoralists and teaching them photography as a means of communication with the outside world for Sahjeevan, worked extensively with Field Projects International, headed photography projects on rehabilitation of  sex workers and transgenders for the Govt. of Karnataka and have also worked for the Swiss Development corporation. In addition, my photos have appeared along side written articles in Hornbill Magazine, produced by the Bombay Natural History Society. I have also regularly provided photographs for local and international news agencies taking special interest in depleting wildlife habitat and living and working conditions of people in India.

More Info: www.ishaanraghunandan.com

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